is quickly evolving towards the wireless Internet. According to forecasts,
by 2003 the wireless Internet will have the same number of users that
the fixed Internet has today (around 300M). The IPV6 protocol, foundation
of both the Internet and of 3G mobile phones, will blur the distinction
between the Internet and mobile telecom networks. As a consequence data
traffic will surpass voice traffic in the next few years. This huge new
market will generate a tremendous demand for mobile
services, such as:
information (directions, booking of restaurants and hotels, etc.)
(news, weather, traffic)
and schedules (planes, trains, boats, metros..)
care, telemedicine (monitoring of mobile patient functions, emergency
care from ambulances)
(especially for, but not limited to, developing countries)
to employees (B2E), logistics: fleet management, asset tracking, people
of current dedicated lines for company VPNs with public 3G networks.
tracking of stolen vehicles and assets, monitoring and tele-surveillance.
and communication: advertising based on location.
Internet will be based upon wirelines and devices from the traditional
Internet, and will reuse some of its techniques and protocols. However,
the wireless Internet will not be a simple add-on to the wireline Internet.
From the technical point of view, new challenging problems arise from
the handling of mobility, handsets with reduced screens and varying bandwidth.
From the business point of view, the business models will change. Quoting
from a UMTS Forum report
would be a mistake to apply the business models and strategies that
have been developed for the fixed Internet on a one-to-one basis to
the mobile Internet"
but not least, the transition to the wireless Internet will happen in
the near future, when today's problem of shortage of qualified technical
personnel will not be solved, or will even be worse.
As a result,
it is easy to forecast that developing and operating the new mobile services
will be a challenging software and system integration problem, in a
new business scenario, with scarcity of qualified personnel.
aims at anticipating these problems by producing integrated methods and
tools to engineer services on the wireless Internet, and by testing them
on real world pilot services.
The main deliverables
of the project can be classified as technology and methodology. Clearly,
each one influences the other.
The main parts
of the technology are:
- A high
level architecture for mobile services. The architecture provides the
essential framework to build or specialize services. A new service is
developed starting from the architecture. The architecture defines components,
relationships among components, functions offered by components.
management component (offering functions needed by several services,
such as user authentication, profile management, etc.)
- Data replication
and synchronization component (offering functions to provide seamless
synchronization of data on a network)
agents to support negotiation functions in components (content negotiation,
is the overall guideline to use the technologies. Its main parts are:
- A business
model to specify roles and skills of involved parties, (the service
provider, the service developer, the content provider, the network provider,
the content broker, the profile broker..)
- An overall
process to drive the engineering of mobile services. Within the process,
specific methods and techniques for verification and validation of services,
and for delivery and control of service quality in general.
to handle heterogeneous clients
delivers methodology and technology to develop services on the wireless
Internet. Workpackages WP-Methodology and WP-Technology take care of these
aspects. Experimenting methodology and technology in real life applications
is key both to validate and improve them. With this aim the project will
develop pilot services, in WP-Pilot Services. WP-Evaluation is charged
of preparing tools and measures to evaluate the effect of methodology
and technology. WP-Exploitation takes care of planning and implementing
the exploitation of results, WP-Dissemination of diffusing them to the
broadest possible audience. WP-Management is charged of managing the project.
We are bound
to work in the wireless Internet, where Internet time reigns.
In this context, we assume that an iterative, incremental development
style is essential to survive. We plan three iterations, roughly 9 months
In the first iteration (Baseline), the pilot applications are built
in version one, providing few, key functionalities, by WP-Pilot Service.
Assuming a start date of September 2000, the underlying standard will
be GPRS. The pilots are built with a very sketchy version zero of methodology
and technology (M&T). Meanwhile, version one is developed by WP-Methodology
the second iteration (Experimentation) a richer version two of the pilots
is developed, using methodology and technology version one. At this
time UMTS could be available, so the underlying standard will be UMTS
or GPRS as a backup. In parallel an improved version two of M&T
the third iteration (Consolidation) version 3 of the pilots is developed,
using M&T V.2. The underlying standard should be UMTS. A final version
of M&T is developed.
provides feedback (both qualitative, and quantitative or metrics) for
the next iteration. Each iteration defines three connected milestones,
the availability of a new version of methodology and technology, and the
availability of a new version of pilot services. The simplified Gantt
below gives a graphic overview of the workplan and of the principles inspiring